THE LOMBOK GUIDE
CURRENT ISSUE - ISSUE 270

 

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UNESCO RECOGNIZES RINJANI AS GLOBAL GEOPARK
 

Segara Anak Lake by Iwan Haryanto

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) has officially recognised Mount Rinjani in Lombok as a Global Geopark.

Rinjani is one of the main tourist attractions in Lombok and attracts tens of thousands of visitors to the island every year.

At 3,726 meters tall, Mt Rinjani is the second highest mountain in Indonesia. The breathtaking Segara Anak Lake, which fills the crater of the non-active volcano, is about 6km across at its widest point and is located around 600 meters below the crater rim.

Mt Baru Jari

Rising from the waters of this lake is a new volcano, Mt Baru Jari, which is occasionally active and allows visitors spectacular views of a smoking volcano floating on the edge of the lake. 

Mt Rinjani lies within the Mt Rinjani National Park, which was established in 1997 and is one of over 40 throughout Indonesia.

The Park covers 41,330 hectares and sits inside a major bio-geographical transition zone (Wallacea). This zone, known as the “Wallace Line”, marks the transition point where the tropical flora and fauna of South East Asia meets that of Australasia.

The UNESCO Executive Board endorsed Rinjani as a UNESCO Global Geopark on 17 April 2018.

Tiu KelepWaterfall by Ghani NoviantoThe official certificate will be awarded in September this year in Italy during the Eighth International Conference on UNESCO Global Geoparks.

In granting Rinjani Geopark status, UNESCO recognizes that Rinjani is a site with global significance.

The area has world-wide historical significance and is the site of the Samalas volcano – believed to have erupted in 1257 with a catastrophic impact on the entire planet.

Scientists believe the eruption was so large it blasted out 100 million tonnes of material per second and blocked the sun for months, possibly years.

The vast volcanic cloud enveloped the entire world, reaching as far away as North America and Europe, and caused dramatic climate changes globally. Researchers believe that thousands of people died as a result of crop failure and diseases.

The peak of mighty Samalas collapsed into itself under the weight of the eruption, forming a large crater which eventually filled with water, creating Segara Anak Lake.

In their findings, the UNESCO team stated that “Rinjani has a rich and diverse landscape, forest types ranging from savannahs and semi deciduous forests to lower montane evergreen forests and tropical montane evergreen forests.

Quaternary calc-alkaline volcanoes, Oligo-Miocene volcanic rocks and Neogene intrusive igneous rocks dominate the island’s geology. The volcanic complex developed due to the subduction of the Indian Ocean Plate under the South East Asia Plate.

The Quaternary volcanoes can be further categorized into an old and young complex. The old volcano complex consists of Mt Punikan and Mt Nangi in the west and Mt Sembalun in the east.

Aik Kalaq

With a height of 3,726 m asl, Mt Rinjani presently holds the highest peak in the volcanic complex.

The caldera of the Samalas Volcano, filled with a combination of meteoric and hydrothermal water, has formed a lake named Segara Anak. In the middle of the caldera emerges a young volcanic cone, Mt Rombongan and Mt Barujari.

The youngest volcanic complex, Mt Rinjani, was formed approximately 12,000 to 6,000 years ago.

Two volcanic cones existed prior to the eruption of the Samalas (or Old Rinjani) volcano in the 13th century – the Samalas Volcano and Mt Rinjani.

The eruption of Samalas in 1257 resulted in the formation of a huge caldera and pyroclastic flow in Kokoq Putih and caused the collapse of part of Old Rinjani. This eruption changed the entire landscape, buried the old civilization and created a stage for the beginning of a new culture era.”
Rinjani has been nominated as a Global Geopark several times over the past decade, most recently in 2016. However, the government and park management failed to meet stringent UNESCO requirements in those nominations.

The UNESCO Global Geopark network was established in 1998 to promote sites demonstrating the diversity of the planet’s geology.

Worldwide, there are 127 Unesco Global Geoparks in 35 countries.
There are four fundamental features to a UNESCO Global Geopark. These features are an absolute prerequisite for an area to become a UNESCO Global Geopark:

Rinjani Summit

1. Geological heritage of international value
In order to become a UNESCO Global Geopark, the area must have geological heritage of international value. This is assessed by scientific professionals, as part of the “UNESCO Global Geopark Evaluation Team”.

2. Management
UNESCO Global Geoparks are managed by a body having legal existence recognised under national legislation. UNESCO Global Geoparks require a management plan, agreed upon by all the partners, that provides for the social and economic needs of the local populations, protects the landscape in which they live and conserves their cultural identity.
This plan must be comprehensive, incorporating the governance, development, communication, protection, infrastructure, finances, and partnerships of the UNESCO Global Geopark.

3. Visibility
UNESCO Global Geoparks promote sustainable local economic development mainly through geotourism. Visitors as well as local people need to be able to find relevant information on the UNESCO Global Geopark via a dedicated website, leaflets, and detailed map of the area that connects the area’s geological and other sites.

4. Networking
A UNESCO Global Geopark is also about cooperating with other Global Geoparks through the Global Geoparks Network (GGN), and regional networks, in order to learn from each other and, as a network, improve the quality of the label UNESCO Global Geopark.

Membership of the GGN is obligatory for UNESCO Global Geoparks and working together with international partners is the main reason for to be a member.

As mentioned earlier, Mt Rinjani has been rejected as a Geopark in the past, mainly because a management plan was not in place.

Mt Rinjani has been plagued by problems for years, mostly due to a lack of management. Rubbish and waste management on the mountain is a major concern. With almost one hundred thousand people climbing the mountain last year and no waste management systems in place, rubbish piles up daily with the tracks covered in litter.

Until this year, there were no public toilet facilities and human waste and toilet paper was a disgusting problem not only on the mountain but also around the camping area near the lake.

The acceptance of Rinjani into the Geopark network implies that the management board has a clear management plan going into the future.

“After securing status as a Global Geopark, the management of Rinjani will focus on three main pillars to develop Rinjani – namely conservation, education and people’s economic empowerment,” Misbahib Haraha, Rinjani Geopark Council’s Chairman, told reporters.

“The geopark’s management will encourage more participation by locals so that the benefits from tourism can be enjoyed by both investors and the people,” he said.

 

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What's Hot
 

Fiona Unity Foundation is urgently seeking clothes (babies, children and adults), blankets, pillows and bedding, books (in either Indonesian or English), toys, school supplies and anything useful for families who have very little.

Time to clean out the closets and give all those things you don’t need or use to families that need them!

On 12 May Fiona and the Endri Foundation team will be travelling through the villages in Lombok to personally deliver these to ‘LOMBOK’S FORGOTTEN CHILDREN’.

Small donations can be dropped off at Temptations Café in Green Valley. If you have a large amount or wish to make a cash donation, please contact Fiona to arrange pick up: info@fionaunity.org or visit Facebook: Fiona Unity Foundation

Lombok Learning Village is holding an Open Day at the school on Thursday, 3 May.

Visitors are invited to come to the school between 08.30 and 12.30 and have a look at the facilities, meet the teachers and see the students in action.

If you live in Lombok, or are considering a move, and are interested in quality education for your children, this is a great opportunity to find out more. The school accepts students for enrolment in Playgroup, Primary, Middle School and Secondary School levels.

Lombok Learning Village is located in the village of Tanah Embet, mid-way between Senggigi and Ampenan (see map and more details on page 24).

Die-hard runners and masochistic athletes are preparing to do battle with our mighty volcano, Mt Rinjani, in the “Rinjani 100” to be held in Lombok this month.

Rinjani 100 is a series of races set around the volcano and Rinjani National Park. The 100km course follows a famously brutal trail from Senaru to Segara Anak Lake and the majestic summit of Rinjani, before descending the many hills, ridges and valleys to the finish line in Sembalun. Racers say the breathtaking views make all the breathless steps worth it many times over!

The races will be held 4 - 6 May 2018 and are based at race central (and the finish line for all courses) at Hotel Nusantara in Sembalun.

Rinjani 100 is composed of four separate races set over different courses: 100km, 60km, 36km and 27km.

The 100km and 60km courses start in Senaru on 4 May and finish in Sembalun (100km on 6 May with a cut-off time of 36 hours; 60km on 5 May with a cut-off time of 20 hours).

The 36km and 27km courses both start and finish in Sembalun, with the 36km race on 4 May and the 27km race on 5 May. For more information, visit: rinjani100.com

Don’t miss the next Cellar Party at Square Restaurant in Senggigi on Friday, 4 May.

Held on the first Friday of every month the Cellar Party features three and a half hours of free-flow imported red and white wines, together with a delicious buffet including sushi, tapas, pasta, roast meats, salads and desserts.

The Cellar Party starts at 7pm and costs just Rp 450,000 per person (inclusive) for a night of wining and dining.

Or you can choose the ‘buffet only’ option for just Rp 200,000 net per person... excellent value for a delicious meal and a great night out at one of Senggigi’s best dining venues! See advert on page 3.

 
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TOUR AROUND ITALY… At Qunci Villas
 

Tour Around Italy at Qunci Villas

Italy… the country is considered by food lovers across the globe to be the food capital of the world. Italian cuisine conjures up images of crispy crust pizza, plates of perfectly cured meats, cheeses and olives, bowls of homemade al dente pasta drenched in decadent sauce, delicate cream-filled pastries and mounds of richly flavoured gelato.

There are 20 regions in Italy, each with its own distinctive and delicious culinary traditions. From 1 June through to 28 September, Qunci Villas Executive Chef, Gianluca Visciglia, will be taking diners on a culinary tour around his beloved homeland, Italy.

Chef Gianluca grew up near Milan in Italy and was inspired by his father, who loved to cook, and started helping him in the kitchen when he was just 6 or 7 years old.

Chef GianlucaAfter leaving school, Gianluca realized his true love was cooking so he began to learn his craft, starting at a bakery and pastry school and then continuing culinary school in Firenze (Florence). That led to him working in various restaurants around Firenze and on the hill of Chianti, where he discovered his passion for Tuscan cuisine.

Over the years, Gianluca has cooked his way across the world, including opening the first Trattoria Restaurant in Jakarta 13 years ago and leading restaurants in Shangri-La Cebu, Shangri-la Boracay and Shangri-la Oman as Executive Sous Chef before heading back to Jakarta in the InterContinetal Hotel at Executive Chef.

Today he heads the kitchen team at Qunci Villas and, in a very short time, has earned a solid reputation as a great chef – particularly for his authentic and delicious Italian food.

Now he wants to do something never before seen in Lombok – show diners at Qunci the diversity of foods and wines produced in different regions of Italy.

Since the cooking styles are are very regional, a new style of Italian cuisine, complimented by selected wines, will be showcased at Quah Restaurant each Friday night starting at 7.30pm.

The journey will start where Gianluca started – in Milan – before journeying south and covering famous areas such as Florence, Tuscany, Sicily, Puglia, Rome, Bologna, and other famous regions on the way back to Milan.

Along the way, diners will have the chance to discover the rustic, earthy foods and wines of the sun-kissed hills of Tuscany. Think hearty soups, prized Tuscan meats and stuffed pastas like ravioli, washed down with a bold local red or Chianti.

The culture of Bologna is world class, as is the pasta. Famous here are dishes like brown butter tortellini, 12-layered meat lasagne, and parmesan and balsamic vinegar dusted tagliatelle.

Puglia, nestled in the heel of Italy’s boot-like shape, is home to a cuisine that can easily be characterized by its marriage between rich flavors like  lamb, bitter greens, and spicy peppers with delicate ingredients like fava beans and milky fresh cheeses.

In Sicily, the dishes are inspired by the surrounding seas and sun-loving vegetables such as eggplant and peppers, complemented by Arab, Greek and Spanish influences.

Dessert is typically a much bigger deal in Sicily than in many other regions of Italy and the island is also the birthplace of cannoli, meltingly light pignoli cookies and granita – a semi-frozen dessert made from water and various flavors like lemons and almonds. They pair well with a glass of Marsala wine, which also hails from Sicily.

So many delicious flavours to discover, all while relaxing in the stylish ambience of Quah Restaurant overlooking the beach in Mangsit.

It sounds like an adventurous challenge – get ready for Friday nights at Qunci and embark on a culinary tour of Italy!

WHERE: Quah Restaurant at Qunci Villas
WHEN:From 1 June to 28 September. Every Friday night at 7.30pm
WHAT: Food and wines from a different region of Italy each week

 
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CANOPY ART BALI HAS YOU COVERED!
 

Shade Sails at Anantara BaliLiving in the tropics can be demanding – in dry season we need protection from the sun but when the monsoon comes, we need shelter from the torrential downpours.

Canopy Art Bali provides a wide range of modern and attractive, as well as practical, solutions for living in a tropical climate.

Shade Sails are a stylish way to provide shade over open areas such as swimming pools and decks and come in a range of colours. They can be made in almost any size or shape and are easily attached to free standing uprights (or suitable existing structures) with stainless steel fittings.

Umbrellas provide a shade whether at home, around the pool or in commercial areas such as cafés and hotels. Sunbrella is an acrylic that is water resistant, fade resistant and rot resistant – making it a popular solution in the tropics.

Shadebrella is another fabric alternative. Made from Australian shade-cloth, this commercial-grade fabric provides ±90% UV protection from the sun’s dangerous ultraviolet rays and also “breathes” to allow cooling air circulation, so you’re comfortable even on hot days.

More permanent shelters include fixed frame awnings, retractable awnings and on-trend louvered roofs.

louvered roofsFixed frame awnings are perfect for any window, door, deck, patio or balcony where sun and rain protection is required. Stationary awnings are ideal for home entryways and windows, balconies and car ports.

Retractable awnings allow you to control exactly how much shade you want with an easy turn of a crank or push of a button on the remote control.

Sun Louvre is an aluminium roof with louvre panels that can be opened and closed to control the intensity of sunlight and wind. They are a stylish roofing solution to maximize shade, light and ventilation.

Canopy Art Bali designs, supplies and installs some of the best shade and roofing solutions in Bali and Lombok. The company also offers on-site surveys to select the most appropriate solutions for their client’s needs, ensuring that each project is tailored to individual requirements.

 
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RP 10 BILLION FOR GILI TRAWANGAN DOCK
 

Docking on Gili T

The central government will provide the Ministry of Transport a budget of Rp 10 billion for the construction of a new dock on Gili Trawangan.

The existing dock on the island has been repaired many times over the years but is inadequate to cope with the seasonal tides and the number of boats docking on the island daily.

Most boats now dock directly on the beach in front of the area called “the harbour”, creating a crowded and dangerous situation for passengers boarding and disembarking on the beachfront.

The proposal to build a new pier at Gili T has been awaiting action from the Ministry since 2015. However, the approved budget is a far cry from Rp 80 billion proposal put forward by the House of Representatives in 2017.

The green light for the construction was finally given when the Minister of Transportation, Budi Karya Sumadi, visited Gili Trawangan on 22 March.

The visit by the Minister was in order to check preparations on Gili Trawangan as one of the locations that will be visited by participants of IMF- World Bank Annual Meeting in Bali next October.

“The IMF event is in Bali, but there is an agenda to visit Gili Trawangan as well. Seeing the dock’s poor condition, the Minister is not comfortable, which is why we will be given a budget of Rp 10 billion specifically to build a dock,” the Head of the Department of Maritime and Fisheries Transportation KLU, Agus Tisno, told reporters.

Technical planning for the construction is now underway, after which the project will be put to tender.

“The Minister has said the dock should be magnificent, so we will not damage the existing buildings. Rather, we will add on a dock which will span about 100 meters,” Agus said.

“Obviously we will budget for finishing treatments later. In the government planning for the rehabilitation of the docks on the three Gilis, Gili Trawangan is the back up if the dock on Gili Air is damaged,” he added.

The construction of the pier must be completed before the IMF- World Bank event takes place. Therefore, the agency has approximately six months to prepare the dock according to the Minister’s instructions.

 
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LOMBOK HOSTING MULTILATERAL NAVAL EXERCISE
 

yes BANNER MNEK Hari H Seluruh TNI   AL

Don’t be alarmed if you see warships sailing past the coast over the next couple of weeks!

Dozens of warships are expected to arrive at Lembar Harbour in West Lombok to attend the 3rd annual Mulilateral Naval Exercise Komodo (MNEK 2018), hosted in Lombok from 4 - 9 May 2018.

MNEK 2018 is a joint exercise involving 23 countries and more than 4,000 seamen participating in naval exercises over the five day event. The event aims to conduct non-combat exercises that emphasise inter-state diplomacy for managing disasters and guarding borders.

The event is an annual activity of the Indonesian Navy. The first naval exercise was held in Batam, Riau Islands Province, and the second event was organised in Padang, West Sumatra Province.

MNEK 2018 will focus on training for disasters and emergency operations, tactical maneuvers, anti-submarine warfare, anti-surface warfare, marine rescue and others, in addition to combating pirates.

As part of the exercise, there will a medical capability programme with a floating hospital, a marine village programme to introduce participants to local customs, and an engineering capability programme to repair public facilities in Lombok, including roads, places of worship and public toilets.

The hospital warship will offer free medical treatment at the port of Labuhan Carik (near Bayan) in North Lombok.

The event will also feature a cultural parade, sightseeing tours, and an exhibition of vessels and warship equipment.

Participants will visit a number of destinations including Mandalika Resort area in South Lombok, Senggigi Beach in West Lombok, the Gili Islands in North Lombok, and historic sites around the city of Mataram.

The 23 countries participating in MNEK 2018 in Lombok include Brunei Darussalam, United Arab Emirates, Bangladesh, Saudi Arabia, United States, Peru, Malaysia, Japan, South Korea, France, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Sweden, Turkey, Vietnam, Philippines, Singapore, China, Poland, Brazil, Mexico, Russia and Australia.

 
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CAT LOVERS LOMBOK CAT SHOW
 

The Lombok Cat Show, held at Mataram Mall on 22 April, was a huge success – with 127 registrations and some beautiful cats on display.

The show was organised by Cat Lovers Lombok and brought proud cat owners from all around the island together. Unlike formal cat shows, domestic cats were celebrated at the show, with a good showing of domestic short and long tail cats, as well as Persians, Bengals, Scottish Fold, Sphinx, and other breeds.

Part proceeds from the show were donated to Ibu Dewi and her team who rescue and care for stray cats in Lombok.

Lombok Cat Show 1
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Lombok Cat Show 8
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Lombok Cat Show 20
Lombok Cat Show 21 Lombok Cat Show 22
Lombok Cat Show 23 Lombok Cat Show 24
 
 
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Take Some Time Out

It was George the Mailman’s last day on the job after 35 years of carrying the mail through all kinds of weather to the same neighborhood.

When he arrived at the first house on his route, he was greeted by the whole family who congratulated him and sent him on his way with a tidy gift envelope.

At the second house, they presented him with a box of fine cigars.

The folks at the third house handed him a selection of terrific fishing lures.

At the fourth house, he was met at the door by a strikingly beautiful blonde woman in a revealing negligee.

She took him by the hand, gently led him through the door, which she closed behind him, and then took him up the stairs to the bedroom where she blew his mind with the most passionate love he had ever experienced.

When he had had enough, they went downstairs and she cooked him a giant breakfast: eggs, potatoes, ham, sausage, blueberry waffles, and freshly squeezed orange juice.

When he was truly satisfied, she poured him a cup of steaming coffee.

As she was pouring, he noticed a dollar bill sticking out from under the cup’s bottom edge.

“All this was just too wonderful for words,” he said, “But what’s the dollar for?”

“Well,” she said, “Last night, I told my husband that today would be your last day and that we should do something special for you. I asked him what to give you.”

“He said: ‘Screw him. Give him a dollar.’
The breakfast was my idea.”

 
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